Supreme Court on Tuesday modified its previous ruling on the bursting of firecrackers on Diwali and allowed the state government to fix the timing for doing so during big festivals.
SC modified its earlier order by which bursting of firecrackers was allowed between 8 PM to 10 PM on Diwali, even allowed the state governments to fix the timing with a rider that the total timing must not exceed beyond two hours in a day.
Supreme Court ordered the bursting of firecrackers in Tamil Nadu during Diwali for two hours. The two-hour slot has to be decided by the state government.
The top court passed the order while responding to a petition filed by the Tamil Nadu government in which urged it to allow bursting of firecrackers on Diwali morning as per religious practices in the state, besides the already permitted period between 8 PM to 10 PM.
The plea, filed through advocate B Vinod Khanna, sought modification of apex court order that allowed bursting of firecrackers from 8 PM to 10 PM on Diwali and other festivals and said the state should be given permission between 4.30 AM to 6.30 AM as well.
According to the petition, as far as Diwali celebrations are concerned, each state or sect has a separate set of beliefs, traditions and culture and the apex court’s restriction would amount to “rejecting the people with their due religious rights and would subject the people of the state into much hardship”.
“Diwali is a practice religiously and scrupulously followed by the Hindus from time immemorial and it had become a core and essential religious practice which is also protected under Article 25 of the Constitution as their fundamental right,” it said.
Diwali is celebrated in the state early in the morning to commemorate the death of Narakashura, the evil slain by the Goddess in the early hours of dawn, it said.
The petition also sought permission to allow people to continue to celebrate Diwali in their traditional way by bursting firecrackers in the early morning as well as during the time fixed by the top court.
“In view of the presence of large population of people from other states of India in Tamil Nadu, it is necessary to permit them to celebrate Diwali as per their religious practice in the evening hours,” it said.
It had carved out an exception for the Christmas and the New Year eve saying that crackers for these occasions would be burst between 11.55 PM and 12.30 AM, since these celebrations start at midnight.
It also banned the manufacture, sale and use of joined firecrackers (series crackers or laris) saying that they cause “huge air, noise and solid waste problems”.